Monday, 20 February 2012

Real time Interview Questions 1

1.differentiate between QA and QC?
QA: It is process oriented
      It involve in entire process of software development.
      Prevention oriented.
     It is product oriented.
     work to examine the quality of product.
     Deduction oriented.

2.what is a bug?
A computer bug is an error, flaw, mistake, failure, or fault in a computer program that prevents it from working correctly or produces an incorrect result.

3.what is a test case?
Test case is set of input values, execution preconditions, expected results and execution
post conditions, developed for a particular objective or test conditions, such as to exercise a particular program path or to verify compliance with a specific requirement.

4. What is the purpose of test plan in your project?
test plan document is prepared by the test lead, it contains the contents like introduction, objectives, test strategy, scope, test items, program modules user
procedures, features to be tested features not to tested approach, pass or fail criteria,  testing process, test deliverables, testing, tasks, responsibilities, resources, schedule
, environmental requirements, risks & contingencies, change management procedures, plan approvals etc all these things help a test manager understand the testing he should do &
what he should follow for testing that particular project.

5. When the relationships occur between tester and developer?
Developer is the one who sends the application to the tester by doing all the necessary code in the application and sends the marshal id to the tester. The tester is the one who gives all the input/output and checks whether he is getting regarding output or not. A developer is the one who works on inside interfacing where as the tester is the one who works on outside interfacing

6.when testing will starts in a project?
the testing is not getting started after the coding. after release the build the testers perform the smoke test. Smoke test is the first test which is done by the testing team. this is according to the testing team. but before the releasing of a build the developers will perform the unit testing.

7.If a bug has high severity then usually that is treated as high priority, then why do priority given by test engineers/project managers and severity given by testers?
High severity bugs affects the end users ....testers tests an application with the users point of view, hence it is given as high severity. High priority is given to the bugs which affects the production. Project managers assign a high priority based on production point of view.

8.what is the difference between functional testing and regression testing
functional testing is a testing process where we test the functionality/behavior of each functional component of the application...i.e. minimize button, transfer button, links etc. i.e we check what is each component doing in that application...
regression testing is the testing the behavior of the application of the unchanged areas when there is a change in the build. i.e we check whether the changed requirement has altered the behaviour of the unchanged areas. the impacted area may be the whole of the application or
some part of the application... u know about integration testing, how do u integrate diff modules?
integration testing means testing an application to verify the data flows between the module.for example, when you are testing a bank application ,in account balance it shows the
100$as the available balance. but in database it shows the 120$. main thing is "integration done by the developers and integration testing done by the testers" u know abt configuration management tool, what is the purpose of maintaining all the documents in configuration manage meant tool?
It is focused primarily on maintaining the file changes in the history.
Documents are subjected to change For ex: consider the Test case document .
Initially you draft the Test cases document and place it in Version control tool(Visual Source Safe for ex).Then you send it for Peer Review .They will provide some comments and that document will be saved in VSS again. Similar the document undergoes changes and all the changes history will be maintained in Version control.
It helps in referring to the previous version of a document.
Also one person can work on a document (by checking out) at a time.
Also it keeps track who has done the changes , time and date.
Generally all the Test Plan, Test cases, Automation design docs are placed in VSS.
Proper access rights needs to be given so that the documents don’t get deleted or modified.

12.How you test database and explain the procedure?
Database Testing is purely done based on the requirements. You may generalize a few features but they won't be complete. In general we look at
1. Data Correctness (Defaults)
2. Data Storage/ Retrieval
3. Database Connectivity (across multiple platforms)

4. Database Indexing
5. Data Integrity
6. Data Security

13. suppose if you press a link in yahoo shopping site in leads to some other company website? How to test if any problem in linking from one site to another site?
1)first i will check whether the mouse cursor is turning into hand icon or not?
2)i will check the link is highlighting when i place the cursor on the link or not?
3)the site is opening or not?
4)if the site is opening then i will check is it opening in another window or the same window that the link itself exits(to check user-friendly ness of the link)
5)how fast that website is opening?
6)is the correct site is opening according to the link?
7)all the items in the site are opening or not?
8)all other sub links are opening or not?

14.what are the contents of FRS?
F → Function Behaviors
R → Requirements (Outputs) of the System that is defined.
S → Specification ( How, What, When, Where, and Way it behavior's.
FRS  →  Function Requirement Specification.
 This is a Document which contains the Functional behavior
of the system or a feature. This document is also know as EBS External Behaviour Specification - Document. Or EFS External Function  Specification.

15.what is meant by Priority nad severity?
Priority means "Importance of the defect w.r.t customer requirement"
Severity means "Seriousness of the defect w.r.t functionality"

16.what is meant by Priority and severity?
1. This is assigned by the Test Engineer
2.This is to say how badly the deviation that is occurring is affecting the other modules of the build or release.
1. This is assigned by the Developer.
2. This is to say how soon the bug as to be fixed in the main code, so that it pass the basic requirement.
Eg., The code is to generate some values with some valid input conditions. The priority will be assigned so based on the following conditions:
a> It is not accepting any value
b> It is accepting value but output is in non-defined format (say Unicode Characters).
    A good example i used some Unicode characters to generate a left defined arrow, it displayed correctly but after saving changes it gave some address value from the
stack of this server. For more information mail me i will let you know.

17.give me some example for high severity and low priority defect?
if suppose the title of the particular concern is not spelled correctly, it would give a negative ICICC is spelled as a tittle for the project of the concern ICICI. then it is a high severity, low priority defect.

18.what is basis for test case review?
the main basis for the test case review is
1.testing techniques oriented review
2.requirements oriented review
3.defects oriented review.

19.what are the contents of SRS documents?
Software requirements specifications and Functional requirements specifications.

20.What is difference between the Web application testing and Client Server testing?
Testing the application in intranet(without browser) is an example for client -server.(The company firewalls for the server are not open to outside world. Outside people cannot access the application.)So there will be limited number of people using that application.
Testing an application in internet(using browser) is called webtesting. The application which is
accessible by numerous numbers around the world(World wide web.)
So testing web application, apart from the above said two testings there are many other tastings to be done depending on the type of web application we are testing.
If it is a secured application (like banking site- we go for security testing etc.)
If it is a ecommerce testing application we go for Usability etc.. testings.

21.Explain your web application architecture?
web application is tested in 3 phases
1. web tier testing --> browser compatibility 
2. middle tier testing --> functionality, security
3. data base tier testing --> database integrity, contents

22.suppose the product/application has to deliver to client at 5.00PM,At that time you or your team member caught a high severity defect at 3PM.(Remember defect is high severity)But the client is cannot wait for long time. You should deliver the product at 5.00Pm exactly. then what is the procedure you follow?
the bug is high severity only so we send the application to the client and find out the severity is priority or not. if its priority then we ask him to wait.
Here we found defects/bugs in the last minute of the delivery or release date
Then we have two options
1. explain the situation to client and ask some more time  to fix the bug.
2. If the client is not ready to give some some time then analyze the impact of defect/bug and try to find    workarounds for the defect and mention these issues   in the release notes as known issues or known   limitations or known bugs.  Here the workaround means remedy process to be followed  to overcome the  defect effect.
3.Normally this known issues or known limitations(defects) will be fixed in next version or next release of the  software

23.Give me examples for  high priority and low severity defects?
Suppose in one banking application there is one module ATM Facility. in that ATM facility when ever we are depositing/withdrawing money it is not showing any conformation message but actually at the back end it is happening properly with out any mistake means only missing
of message . in this case as it is happening properly so there is nothing wrong with the application but as end user is not getting any conformation message so he/she will be
confuse for this. So we can consider this issue as HIGH Priority but LOW Severity defects..

24.Explain about Bug life cycle?
1) tester->
2) Open defect->
3) send to developer
4) if accepted moves to step5 else sends the bug to tester gain
5) fixed by developer ->
6) regression testing->
7)no problem inbuilt and signoff
8)->if problem in built reopen the issue send to step3

25.How can you report the defect using excel sheet?
To report the defect using excel sheet
Mention    :    The Feature that been effected.
Mention    :    Test Case ID (Which fail you can even mention any other which are              dependency on this bug)
Mention    :    Actual Behavior
Mention    :    Expected Behavior as mentioned in Test Case or EFS or EBS or SRS document                                                                                     with section
Mention    :    Your Test Setup used during Testing
Mention    :    Steps to Re-Produce the bug
Mention    :    Additional Info
Mention    :    Attach a Screen Shot if it is a GUI bug
Mention    :    Which other features it is blocking because of this bug that you are unable to 
                     Execute the test cases.
Mention    : How much time you took to execute that test case or follow that specific TC
                  which leaded to bug

26. If you have executed 100 test cases ,every test case passed but apart from these test case you found some defect for which test case is not prepared, then how you can report the bug?
While reporting this bug into bug tracking tool you will generate the testcase imean put the steps to reproduce the bug.

27.what is the diffn between web based application and client server application
The basic difference between web based application & client server application is that the web application are 3 tier & client based are 2 tier. In web based changes are made at one place & it is reflected on other layers also whereas client based separate changes need be installed on client machine also.

28.what is test plan? and can you tell the test plan contents?
Test plan is a high level document which explains the test strategy, time lines and available resources in detail. Typically a test plan contains:
-Test strategy
-Entry criteria
-Exit criteria
-Use cases/Test cases
-Features to be tested and not tested
29.How many test cases can you write per a day, an average figure?
Complex test cases 4-7 per day
Medium test cases 10-15 per day
Normal test cases 20-30 per day

30. Who will prepare FRS(functional requirement documents)?
What is the important of FRS?
The Business Analyst will pre pare the FRS.
Based on this we are going to prepare test cases.
It contains
1. Overview of the project
2. Page elements of the Application (Filed Names)
3. Proto type of the application
4. Business rules and Error States
5. Data Flow diagrams
6. Use cases contains Actor and Actions and System Responses

31. How you can decide the number of test cases are enough for testing the given module?
The developed test cases are covered all the functionality of the application we can say test cases are enough. If u know the functionality covered or not u can use RTM.

32. What is the difference between Retesting and Data Driven Testing?
Retesting: it is manual process in which application will be tested with entire new set of data.
Data Driven Testing(DDT)-It is a Automated testing process in which application is tested with multiple test data.DDT is very easy procedure than retesting because the tester should sit and need to give different new inputs manually from front end and it is very tedious and boring

33. What is regression testing?
After the Bug fixed ,testing the application whether the fixed bug is affecting remaining functionality of the application or not. Majorly in regression testing Bug fixed module and it's
connected modules are checked for their integrity after bug fixation.

34. How do u test web application?
Web application testing
web application should have the following features like
1.Attractive User Interface(logos, fonts, alignment)
2. High Usability options
3. Securiry features(if it has login feature)
4.Database(back end).
5. Perfromance(appearing speed of the application on client    system)
6.Able to work on different Browsers (Browser compatibility)
  ,O.S compatibility(technical called as portability)
7.Broken link testing.........etc
so we need to follow out the following test strategy.
1.Functionality Testing
2.Performance Testing(Load, volume, Stress, Scalability)
3.Usability Testing
4.User Interface Testing(colors, fonts, alignments...)
6. Browser compatibility Testing(different versions and    different browser)
7. Broken link and Navigation Testing
8. Database(backend)Testing(data integrity)
9. Portability testing(Multi O.s Support)....etc

35. how do u perform regression testing, means what test cases u select for regression
Regression testing will be conducted after any bug fixed or any functionality changed.
During defect fixing procedure some part of coding may be changed or functionality may be manipulated. In this case the old test cases will be updated or completely re written
according to new features of the application where bug fixed area. Here possible areas are old test cases will be executed as usual or some new test cases will be added to existing test cases or some test cases may be deleted.

36.what r the client side scripting languages and server side scripting languages
client side scripting languages are 
                    javascript, VbScript, PHP...etc
Server side Scripting languages are
Client side scripting languages are useful to validate the inputs or user actions from user side or client side.
Server side Scripting languages are to validate the  inputs at server side.
This scripting languages provide security for the application. and also provides  dynamic nature to web or client server application
client side scripting is good because it won't send the unwanted input's to server for validation. from frontend itself  validated the user inputs and restricts the user activities and guides him

37.if a very low defect (user interface )is detected by u and the developer not compromising with that defect what will u do?
User interface defect is a high visibility defect and easy to reproduce.
Follow the below procedure
1.Reproduce the defect
2.Capture the defect screen shots
3.Document  the proper inputs that you are used to get the    defect in the defect report
3.send the defect report with screen shots, i/ps and procedure for  defect  reproduction.
before going to this you must check your computer hard ware configuration that is same as developer system configuration. and also check the system graphic drivers are properly
installed or not. if the problem in graphic drivers the User interface error will come.
so first check your side if it is correct from your side then report the defect by following the above method.

38.if u r only person in the office and client asked u for some changes and u didn,t get what the client asked for what will u do?
One thing  here is very important. Nobody will ask test engineer to change software that is
not your duty, even if it is related to testing and anybody is not there try to listen care fully if you are not understand ask him again and inform to the corresponding people immediately.
Here the client need speedy service, we(our company) should not get any blame from customer side.
39. How to get top two salaries from employee tables
Select * from emp e where 2>=(select count(*) from emp e where sal>e.sal) order by  desc sal.

40.How many Test-Cases can be written for the calculator having 0-9 buttons, Add, Equal to buttons. The test cases should be focused only on add-functionality but mot GUI. What are those test-cases?
Test-Cases for the calculator
so here we have 12 buttons totally 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,ADD,Equalto -12 buttons
here u can press at least 4 buttons at a time minimum for example   0+1= for zero u should press 'zero' labled button for plus u should press '+' labled button for one  u should press 'one'  labled button for equal to u should press 'equal to'  labled button 0+1=here + and = positions will not varyso first number position can be varied from 0 to 9 i.e from permutation and combinations u can fill that space in 10 ways in the same way second number position  can be varied from 0 to 9 i.e from permutation and combinations u can fill that space in 10 ways
Total number of possibilities are =10x10=100
This is exhaustive testing methodology and this is not possible in all cases.
In mathematics we have one policy that the the function satisfies the starting and ending values of a range then it can satisfy for entire range of values from starting to ending.
then we check the starting conditions i.e one test case for '0+0=' (expected values you know that is '0')then another test case for '9+9='(expected values you know that is '18')only two test cases are enough to test the calculator functionality.

41.what is positive and negative testing explian with example?
Positive Testing - testing the system by giving the valid data.
Negative Testing - testing the system by giving the Invalid data.
For Ex, an application contains a textbox and as per the user's Requirements the textbox should accept only Strings. By providing only String as input data to the textbox & to check whether its working properly or not means it is Positive Testing. If giving the input other than String means it is negative Testing..

42.How will you prepare Test plan. What are the techniques involved in preparing the Test plan.
Test plan means planning for the release. This includes Project background
Test Objectives: Brief overview and description of the document
Test Scope: setting the boundaries
Features being tested (Functionalities)
Hardware requirements
Software requirements
Entrance Criteria (When to start testing):
       Test environment established, Builder received from developer, Test case prepared and reviewed.
Exit criteria (when to stop testing):
   All bug status cycle are closed, all functionalities are tested, and all high and medium bugs are resolved.
Project milestones: dead lines

43.What are the Defect Life Cycle?
Defect life cycle is also called as bug life cycle. It has 6stages namely found new bug
2.assigned: bud assigned to developer : developer is fixing the bug
4.fixed : developer has fixed the bug
5.retest: tester retests the application
6.closed/reopened: if it is ok tester gives closed stauselse he reopens and sends back to developer.

44.Expalin about metrics Management?
Metrics: is nothing but a measurement analysis.Measurment analysis and Improvement is one of the process area in CMM I L2.

45.What is performance Testing and Regression Testing?
Performance Testing:-testing the present working condition of the product
Regression Testing:-Regression Testing is checking for the newly added functionality causing any errors in terms of functionality and the common functionality should be stable
in the latest and the previous versions

46.How do you review test case?? Type of Review...
types of reviewing test cases depends upon company standards, viz..,
peer review, team lead review, reject manager review.
Some times client may also review the test cases reg what is approach following for project

47.In which way tester get Build A, Build B, ....Build Z of an application, just explain the process..
After preparation of test cases project manager will release software release note in that Document there will be URL path  of the website link from that we will receive
the build In case of web server projects, you will be provided with an URL or a 92.168.***.*** (Web address) which will help you access the project using a browser from your system.

In case of Client server, the build is placed in the VSS (Configuration tool) which will help you get the .exe downloaded to your computer.

48.apart from bug reporting what is ur involvement in project life cycle
As a Test engineer We design test cases, prepare test cases Execute Test cases, track the bugs, analyze the results report the bugs. Involved in regression testing, performance of system
testing system integration testing At last preparation of Test summary Report

49.contents of test report
There are two documents, which should be prepared at particular phase.
1.Test Results document.
2.Test Report document.
Test Results doc will be prepared at the phase of each type of Testing like FULL FUNCTIONAL TEST PASS,REGRESSION TEST PASS,SANITY TEST PASS etc...Test case execution against
the application. Once you prepared this doc, we will send the doc to our TL and PM. By seeing the Test Results doc ,TL will come to know the coverage part of the test case. Here I
am giving you the contents used in the Test Results doc.

1.Build No
2.Version Name
3.Client OS
4.Feature set
5.Main Feature
6.Defined Testcases on each feature.
7.QA engineer Name
8.Test cases executed.(Includes pass and fail)
9.Testcases on HOLD(Includes blocking test cases and deferred Testcases)
10.Covereage Report(Which includes the coverage ratings in % ,like % of testcases covered,% of test cases failed)

Coming to Test report, generally we will prepare Test report ,once we rolled out the product to our client.This document will be prepared by TL and delivered to the client.Mainly,this document describes the what we have done in the project, achievements we have reached, our learning’s in throughout the project etc...The other name for Test report is Project Closure Report and we will summarize the all the activities, which have taken place in throughout the project. Here I am giving your the contents covered in the Test Report.
1.Test Environment(Should be covered the OS, Application or web servers, Machine names, Database, etc...)
2.Test Methods(Types of Tests, we have done in the project like Functional Testing, Platform Testing, regression Testing, etc..
3.Major areas Covered.
4.Bug Tracking Details.(Includes inflow and outflow of the bus in our delivered project)
5.Work schedule(When we start the testing and we finished)
6.Defect Analysis
6.1 Defects logged in different types of tests like Funcational Test,regressiion Test as per area wised.
6.2 State of the Defects at end of the Test cycle.
6.3 Root cause analysis for the bugs marked as NOT A BUG.
7.QA observations or learning through out the life cycle.

50. write high level test cases
Write all the test cases under high level TC, which can be covered the main functionalities like
creation, edition, deletion, per prescribed in the screen.
Wrtie all the test cases under low level TC, which can be covered the screen,like input fields are displayed as per the requirements, buttons are enabled or disabled, and test case for low priority functionalities.
Example a screen contains two edit boxes login and password and a pust buttons OK and Reset and check box for the label "Remember my password". Now let us write high level TC
and low level  test cases.

1.Verify that User is able to login with valid login and valid password.
2.Verify that User is not able to login with invalid login and valid password.
3.Verify that Reset button clears the filled screen.
4.Verify that a pop up message is displayed for blank login.

1.Verify that after launching the URL of the application below fields are displayes in the screen.
1.Login Name 2.Password.3.OK BUTTON 4.RESET button etc..
5.check box, provided for the label "remember my pwd" is unchecked.
2.Verify that OK button should be disabled before selecting login and passwrod fields.
3.Verify that OK button should ne enabled after selecting login and password.
4.Verify that User is able to check the check box,providedfor the label "remember my pwd".
In this way, we can categorize all the testcases under HIGH LEVEL and LOW LEVEL.

51.wat is test scenario
Test scenario will be framed on basis of the requirement, which need to be checked. For that, we will frame set of test cases, in other terms, we can say all the conditions, which can be determined the testing coverage against business requirement.
Please see the below example, which is exactly matched to my explanation.
As we know all most all the application are having login screen,which contains login name and password. Here is the test scenario for login screen.
Scenario: USER'S LOGIN
Conditions to be checked to test the above scenario:
1.Test login field and Password fields individually.
2.Try to login with valid login and valid password.
3.Try to login with involving login and valid pwd. etcc........................................

52.wat is build duration
it is a tine gap between old version build and new version build  in new version build some new extra features are added

53.wat is test deliverables
Test deliverables are nothing but documents preparing after testing like test plan document  testcase template bug report template Test deliverables will be delivered to the client not only for the completed  activities ,but also for the activities, which we are implementing for the better productivity.(As per the company's standards).Here I am giving you some of the Test deliverables in my project.
1.QA Test Plan
2.Testcase Docs
3.QA Test plan, if we are using Automation.
4.Automation scripts
5.QA Coverage Matrix and defect matrix.
6.Traceability Matrix
7.Test Results doc
8.QA Schedule doc(describes the deadlines)
9.Test Report or Project Closure Report.(Prepared once we rolled out the project to client)
10.Weekly status report(sent by PM to the client)
11.Release Notes.

54.wat is ur involvement  in test plan
Test lead is involved in preparing test plan test engineers are no way related in preparing test plan role TE is test case design ,and execution and bug tracking and reporting them Generally TL is involved in preparation of the Test Plan. But it is not mandatory only TL will take main part in the preparation of the TP. Test engineer can suggest to TL,if he(or) she has good understanding on project and resources, if he or she has more exp with the project, if TL is wrongly given deadlines. If your suggestions are valid, TL will incorporate all of them to the Test Plan. But in most of the companies Test engineers are just audians.

55.which test cases are not to be automated
All the test cases which are related to a feature of the product, that keeps on changing (there are always some or the other enhancements in it). Frequent enhancements may change the UI, add/remove few controls. Hence such cases, if automated, would involve lot of a intendance

56.if a project is long term project , requirements are also changes then test plan will change or not? why
Yes..Definitely. If requirement changes, the design documents, specifications (for that particular module which implements the requirements) will also change. Hence the test plan would also need to be updated. This is because "Resource Allocation" is one section in the test
plan. We would need to write new test cases, review, and execute it. Hence resource allocation would have to be done accordingly. As a result the Test plan would change

57.explain VSS
Virtual Source Safe...
After completion of all phages From development side developer store the code in development folder of VSS, Testing team copying code from that folder to testing folder, after completing above phages from testing, testers put the build in base line folder.It is version control Tool
Mainly useful to developer, to storing code and maintains version Copying a code from VSS By developer is called CHECK-IN Upload the code in to VSS is called CHECK-OUT.

58.who will assign severity & priority
the tester/dev should give the priority based on severity of the bug
Severity means: is the impact of the bug on the app. i.e seriousness of the bug in terms of the  functionality.
Priority means: is how soon it should get fixed i.e importance of the bug in terms of customer

59.What is the Difference between Stub Testing and Driver Testing?
stub testing:
In top down approach, a core module is developed. to test that core module, small dummy modules r used. so stubs r small dummy modules that test the core module.
Driver testing:
in bottom up approach, small modules r developed. to test them a dummy core module called driver is developed.

60.What is a "Good Tester"?
Is one who tries to break the developers software and in a position to venture the bugs. so that at least 80% bugs free software can deliver.

61.wat is cookie And Session testing ????
A small text file of information that certain Web sites attach to a user's hard drive while the user is browsing the Web site. A Cookie can contain information such as user ID, user preferences, archive shopping cart information, etc. Cookies can contain Personally Identifiable
Information. Session is a connection between a server and client. would u do performance Testing manually for web site.
By noting the time to load  page or perform any action with stop watch. I know it sounds funny but this is the way performance is tested manualy.

63.what is use case? tell me the attribute of use case?
“Use Case is description of functionality certain features of an application in terms of Actors, actions and responsibilities."
Use Case attributes are:
1. Information of Document, 2.Description, 3.Objective, 4. Actors, 5.Pre-conditions, 6.Data-element descriptions, conditions, 8.primary flow, 9. Alternative flow and Business rules/interaction implementations and etc....

64.What is the difference between stress, volume and load testing?
Load Testing: We gradually increase the load and check the performance of the application. We check at what point or maximum load application can sustain.
Stress testing: In this testing we check the performance of application under extreme condition which rarely occurs like
(1)Many concurrent user access the application for short time.
(2) extra ordinary long transaction.
(3)very short transaction repeated quickly.

65.when will do the beta test? when will do the alpha test?
Alpha and Beta tests comes under User acceptance test. We will conduct these two system being released. we are giving opportunity to customer to check all functionalities covered or not.
Alpha testing conducting for software application by real customer at development site.
Beta testing conducting for software product by model customer at customer site.

66.How do you select test cases for Regression Testing(The point is when there is change code  how do you come know which part of code or modules it will affect).
Consider an example of a form which has a username, password and Login button.
There is a code change and a new button "Reset" is introduced. Regression testing (for that build) will include testing only the "Login" button and not the Reset button (testing Reset button will be a part of conation testing). Hence the Regression tester need not worry about the change in code, functionality. But he has to make sure that the existing functionality is working as desired. Testing of "Reset" button will be included as a part of Regression, for the next build

67.can any one explain the example of high severity and low priority, low severity and high priority,  high severity and high priority, low severity and low priority
1.a.high severity and high priority - Database connectivity cannot be established by multiple users.
1,b.High priority & High Severity: If u click on explorer icon or any other icon then system crash

2. a. low severity and low priority - Small issues like, incorrect number of decimal digits in the output.
2.b. low priority & low severity: In login window ,spell of ok button is "Ko".
3.a.Low  priority & high severity: In login window ,there is an restriction login name should be                                                                               8 character if user enter 9 or than 9 in that case system get crash.
3.b.high severity and low priority - In a module of say 2 interfaces, the link between them is broken or is not functioning.

4.a. low severity and high priority - Images not updated.
4.b.High priority & low severity :Suppose logo of any brand company is not proper in their product. so it affect their business.

68.what will be the Test case for ATM Machine & Coffee Machine?
test cases for ATM Machine
1. successful insertion of ATM card
2. un successful operation due to insert card in wrong angle
3. un successful operation due to invalid account Ex: other bank card or time expired card
4.successful entry of PIN number
5.un successful operation due to enter wrong PIN number 3times
6.successful selection of language
7.successful selection of account type
8.un successful operation due to invalid account type
10.successful selection of withdraw operation
11.successful selection of amount to be withdraw
12.successful withdraw operation
13.unsuccessful withdraw operation due to wrong denominations
14. unsuccessful withdraw operation due to amount is greaterthan day limit
15.unsuccessful withdraw operation due to lack of money in ATM
16. unsuccessful withdraw operation due to amount is greaterthan possible balance
17.unsuccessful withdraw operation due to transactions is greaterthan day limit
18. unsuccessful withdraw operation due to click cancel after insert card
19.unsuccessful withdraw operation due to click cancel after insert card & pin number
20.unsuccessful withdraw operation due to click cancel after insert card , pin number & language
21.unsuccessful withdraw operation due to click cancel after insert card , pin number , language &account type
22.unsuccessful withdraw operation due to click cancel after insert card , pin number , language ,account type & withdraw operation
23.unsuccessful withdraw operation due to click cancel after insert card , pin number , language ,account type ,withdraw operation &amount to be withdraw

69.Tell me about your daily activities as a test engineer.
1.Understanding the BRS and Usecases Document
2.Giving system demo to PM, System analyst, designer, Dev lead.
3.Preparing the Test Actions in xls sheet.
4.Updating the Test Actions based on review comments by System analyst/Business Analyst.
5.Preparing the Test cases and Datasets(System level and global level datasets) in word document
6.updating the Test Cases based on review comments by System analyst.
7.Installing the application-Testing environment set up.
8.Performing Functional, GUI, System, Compatibility testing(If necessary), Regression testing based on Test cases
9.Preparing the defect report, Bug tracking list and sending daily status report to PM, leads.

70. In sdlc process what is the role of PM, TL, DEVELOPER, tester in each and every phase? please explain me in detail?
in the sdlc we have these phases
1. initial phase
2.analysis phase
3.designing phase
4.coding phase
5.testing and maintenance

    In the initial phase project manager can prepare a document for the requirements, team leader will prepare a team which is having  test engineers, developer will provided by the project manager, tester will prepare test cases for that particular project
   Analysis phase all the members have a meeting to finalize the technology to develop that project, the employee, time ,...
   Designing phase the project manager like senior level management will give the directions and source code to the team members to develop the actual code,that is guidelines will be given in this phase
    Coding phase developer will develop  the actual code using the source code and they release the application to the tester
    Testing phase they deploy their test cases to that application and prepare a bug profile document if there is any defect/bug in that application and send it back to developer, developer may rectify and releases the application as next build and if the bug not understand it will send to the project lead   in the delivery phase the sr test eng can deploy the application in the client environment
     Maintenance phase if the client get any problem with the application it may solved by the project lead with help of testers and developers

71.How do You Test Application with having any requirement and Document?
If it is an existing system or if a build is available then we explore the system while testing. This helps knowing the functional use of the system, and its usability.
By asking questions to end users and how they use it will be more beneficial. Also, you may work with BA to know more about the system.
Black box test is nothing but the same where you explore the system without having any prior knowledge to the system.

72.what is backend testing using SQL?
Executing SQL statements to check if the data submitted by a GUI program is updated in the database or not? Executing the statement the data base is connecting to that particular changes , updating or not it will test. Backend testing is the testing the integration between the application and the database. It is checking the change made in the database is getting reflected in the application.
   Example: A new column is added in the table. Here we test by giving values in the application and value has to be stored in the table.

73.What are the reasons why parameterization is necessary when load testing the Web server and the database server?
When you test your applications, you may want to check how the application performs the same operations with multiple sets of data. For example, suppose you want to check how
your Web site responds to ten separate sets of data. You could record ten separate tests, each with its own set of data. Alternatively, you can create Data Table parameters so that your test runs ten times, each time using a different set of data.

74.difference between  strategic test plan & test plan?
strategic test is a organizational level term which is applied for all the projects in the organization with small customizations
test plan is project level term and which can be applied for that specific project only.
  test plan is a strategic document which describes how to perform testing in an efficient effective and optimized way. Quality lead test lead can prepare this test plan
  strategic test plan is a already or new test plan which can bw used in the future for another project also with some changes in the same organisation.

75.Draw Backs of automated testing?
Expensive, lack of expertization, all the areas we can not automate

76.when will u make update and modify the test object properties in the repository?
when ever the developer may change any one of the object properties definitely we have to change the same in the OR object repository. if new version net build released from the devlopment department we the test engs must to modify or update the same is compulsary, other wise tha test will show the bug

77.what are the document needed to create a test case?How u tell it is test case?
System requirements specification, Use case document, Test Plan customer details form having fields like customer name,customer address. after completion of this module, client raise the change as insert the two radio buttons after customer address. how you can check as a tester.
1.First we need to verify wheater the radio button are there are not?
2.Conform the radio buttons are present after the customer address or not.
3.verify the no of radio button.
4. verify only one radio button should be checked intially when we open the Customer details form(if it is mentioned in FS )
5. verify the functionality of the radio buttons i.e if we check one ratio button ,second radio button should be unchecked.
6. verify the spell check of radio button lable name.
7. verify the allignment of radio buttons in the form. the time of testing web based applications and client server apllications, what you absorved as a tester?
We generally check for the links,data retrieving and posting.
We perform load and stress testing especially for Web based and Client-Server applications.

80.What are the documents required to prepare test plan?
Introduction,scope,test team and their responsibilities,test environment,S/W&H/W reqiurements,test data preparation,levels of testing,seviroty&priority,shedule,risk,automation
plan,features to test,bug life cycle all these are documents of test plan.

81.what is testing policy and testing methodology? and what is the difference?
Testing policy means all types of testing or testing techniques(i.e.functional testing,sanity testing etc).Testing methodology means white box and black box testing.

82.What is comparison testing?
Comparison Testing means comparing your software with the beter one or your Competitor.
While comparisan Testing we basically compare the Performance of the software.For ex If you have to do Comparison Testing of PDF converter(Desktop Based Application) then you will compare your software with your Competitor on the basis of:-
1.Speed of Conversion PDF file into Word.
2.Quality of converted file.

83.What is the general testing process?
Testing Process:
1. Tesdt requirements analysis
2. Creation of Test Strategy (Which includes creation of Test Cases)
3. Creation of Test Plans (Which includes Test Cases andTest Procedures)
4. Execution of test cases
5. Anlyze the test results
6. Report the defects if any

84.What particiption a manual tester can do in documentation?Are there any tools available for only documentation?
yes, Manual tester will do Sub Test plan documents, as of my knowledge  no tool is used to prepare documentation

85.What is the difference between  low and high level test cases? examples please..
High level Test cases are those which covers major functionality in the application (i.e retrive, update display ,cancel (functionality related testcases) ,database testcases ).
Low level test cases are those which are related to UI related testcases.

86.Is it mandatory to use USECASES or directly one can write test casesfrom  requirments?
Its not mandatory to write Use Cases, If the requirements are clear you can go ahead with Test Cases. Use Cases are written to know the business flow of the module/application. do u develop test harness?
Test Environment +Test Bed
Test Environment :S/w and H/w
Test Bed: Test Documents like Test Plan Document ,Test Case Document.
Test Environment means       
• Test Bed installation and configuration
• Network connectivity’s
• All the Software/ tools Installation and configuration
• Coordination with Vendors and others

88.given nrequirement collection doc,tester can prepare which test plan?
test lead can prepare a test plan which performs testing on an aplication in an efficient  effective and in an optimised way.test development will done by the testers using the test
plan in the test plan they prepare the test strategy

89.tester with develop ment knowledge will be more effective .justify?
If tester has experience in Development, it will be useful when testing for logical thinking where the error occurs, what is the cause? He can guess the functionality of component? he can easily understand the application environment? those are plus points which people have
development experience.
Precisely he can justify that either functionality is wrong or right and can analyze the defects

90.last testcase for project will be written in which phase?
As far as the SDLC is concerned last test case Will be written for "Maintenance Phase"
As far as the STLC is concerned last test case Will be written for "Acceptance Testing"

91.what is test scenario and test case ?please explain detail
Test Scenario:
Test scenario is like laying out plans for testing the product, environmental condition, number of team members required, making test plans, making test cases and what all features are to be tested for the product. Test scenario is very much dependent on the product to be tested.
Test scenario is made before the actual testing starts.
Test Case:
Test case is a document which provides the steps to be executed which has been planned earlier. It also depends on  the type of product to be tested. Number of test cases is
not fixed for any product.

92.What is the difference between Project Based Testing and Product Based Testing?
Project based is nothing but client requirements. product based is nothing but market requirements. Ex.striching shirt is a project based and ready made shirt is product based

93.what is testing process in related to Application testing
Testing process is the one which tells you how the application should be tested in order to minimize the bugs in the application.
One main thing no application can be released as bug free application which impossible.

94.What is the difference b/n Testing Methodology and Testing methods?
Testing Methodology define process, set of rules and principle which are follow by group concerned with Testing the application. Here i explain 7 step testing methodology:
1.Test Requirement Analysis
2.Test Plan
3.Test Design
4.Test execute
5. defect track
6. Test Automation
7. Test Maintain
Testing methods or we can say that Testing Techniques:
White Box Testing (Unit Testing, Integration Testing)
Black Box Testing (System Testing, Functional Testing, Performance Testing>Load testing>stress testing>volume testing & Security Testing)UAT (done by user/client with actual/live data)

95.What are starting link to test while website testing?
Web based systems are those using the internet, intranet and extranets Web based testing only needs be done once for any  applications using the web. Web based testing are as follows:
1.Functional correctness
6.Verification of code

96.How GUI testing will be done in manual testing for a website?
For any testing there should be some set of standards to be followed. Particularly in GUI testing, look and feel should be good. We should follow the requirements specification documents for GUI testing.
There should be some screen shots (given by client) which we should follow as it is.
And for button sizes, font size ,colours used, placing of links, objects and the placing of the objects in the page should be followed some standards. If we take a button in the page that should be some standard size. if the size of that button is more or less the client feel bad about that. So we should have minimum common since while testing GUI testing. some time there may be some mistakes in the screen shots provided by the client also, but that is our responsibility to raise those issues.

97.What thing should be tested in regression testing?
While doing Regression Testing a tester must check that any New updation or Modification or Change in Functionality of a Particular Component or Module does not create any disorder and any negative affects on the functionality of the Application

98.What are the document required to prepare during testing?
Normally Test engineers are responsible for any release of a project. Even the release is for staging environment or change request release or production release
The minimum documents are
1.Test Plan
2.Test Cases
3.Test Case Report
4.Bug report.
5.Release notes(which contains known issues).
6.installation document.

99.What is Test data ?Where we are using this in testing process?
what are the importance of this data?
to execute test cases we should have test data. this test  data should be for positive and negative testing. for winrunner we can get this test data from keyboard, excel sheets or from data base

100.what is the difference between test case and test script?
Test case is a description what data to be tested and what data to be inserted what are the actions to be done to check actual result against expected result What are the actual inputs we will use? What are the expected results? is called test script
Test Script: Is a short program written in a programming language used to test part of the functionality of the software system. a written set of steps that should be performed manually
can also be called a test script, however this is more correctly called a test case.

101.What is the difference between bug, error, defect.
At the time of coding mistake error, when the mistake noticed by the tester defect, tester sends this defect to development team if the developer agrees then it is bug

102.what is the difference between quality assurance and system testing explain in detail with an example?
Quality Assurance: It is nothing but building an adequate confidence in the customer that the developed software is according to requirements. Entire SDLC comes under QA. It is process oriented.

System Testing: It is the process of executing entire system ie checking the s/w as well as parts of system.

103.How do you decide when you have 'tested enough?'
When the 90% of requirements are covered , Maximum defects  are rectified except (some)low level defects are not covered , customer satisfy that project and time is less, then we are closing the testing.

104. What is the difference between Build Management and Release Management ?
When will conduct build verification and end to end testing?
Build Management is managing the issue fixture tasks in the bulds whereas Release anagment is managing the functionality to be incorporated in the Release.
Build Verification Test(BVT)is done when the build is first received by the testers. The basic functionality is checked with valid data. This is done to check whether the build is testable or not. This is done by testers.
End to End testing is also called system testing. Done by Senior test engineers or Test lead.

105.what is boudary value analysis? what is the use of it?
boundry value analysis is a technique for test data selection. Test engineer chooses the values that lie along the data extreems. It includes max, min, just inside, justout side, typical values and error values.
Boundary Value Analysis is a technique used for writing the test cases..for example:If a particular field accepts the
values from 1 to 1000, then we test that field by entering only 1, 1000, 0, 1001, 999,2.
i.e we check on the boundaries and then
minimum-1 , minimum +1 and maximum+1, maximum-1.

106.what is equivalence partition? what is the use of it?
Equvalance nothing but select the valid and valid classes example as per client requirement the edit box access only
3-5 capital alphabets then we divided in ecp like valid values only A-Z invalid values are a-z and special characters like ^,8<%

107.If there is no sufficient time for testing & u have to complete the testing then what will u do?
When I have less time to test the Product then I will take these following steps---
1)    Sanity or smoke testing
2)    Usability Testing
      3) Formal Functionality and GUI Testing
      4) Walkthrough with the Product

108.What is meaning by protype in SDLC ?
This is a cyclic version of the linear model. In this model, once the requirement analysis is done and the design for a prototype is made, the development process gets started.Once the prototype is created, it is given to the customer for evaluation. The customer tests the package and gives his/her feed back to the developer who refines the product according to the customer's exact expectation. After a finite number of iterations, the final software package is
given to the customer. In this methodology, the software is devolved as a result of periodic shuttling of information between the customer and developer. This is the most popular development model in the contemporary IT industry. Most of the successful software products have been developed using this model - as it is very difficult (even for a whiz kid!)
to comprehend all the requirements of a customer in one shot. There are many variations of this model skewed with respect to the project management styles of the companies.
New versions of a software product evolve as a result of prototyping.

109.what is difference between desktop and web application?
The biggest d/f b/w Desktop and web application is-   Desktop App (DA) is the machine independent, hence every change has only reflects at the machine level.   Where as Web App (WA) is the Internet dependent program, hence any change in the program reflects at every where, where it becomes use.  EX......
   Suppose there are 5 machines in DA, 5 time installed individually at every machine and if there is any change made in DA then at every machine change has to be made.  In WA where the program or Application at the Server or at  the one common machine, then if changes made at only central or server or common machine all the changes get reflected at
every client machine.

110.diffrence between application testing and product testing?
Product testing means when any company does testing for their own (company's) product ex... Nortan Antivirus is the Symantec's product; if Symantec test the Nortan ie. called
as the Product testing. Where as if any company take some projects from some other
companies like ABC company takes projects from IBM and test that project on some charges ie called as Application Testing.

111.what is a broken link in web testing and how test it.
When we clicked on Hyperlink if it opens Page can't be  displayed then that Hyperlink is called as Broken link


  1. Hi

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  3. Hi Rajesh,

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